Matthew 25:31-32 …
“All the nations will be gathered before him; and he will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats;”
I will begin this chapter with a quote from John Eoff …
“TRODDEN DOWN BY THE GENTILES”— “And they [Jews] shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem shall be trodden down by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled” (Luke 21:24).
“Isn’t this question self explanatory? What was he talking about other than the destruction of the city? It was trodden down until it was completely destroyed. It was set on fire and burned to the ground as soon as it was captured, then after putting on a show of his captives in Damascus, Titus returned on his way to Egypt and then by ship to Rome, and plowed up the ground. Not a stone was left standing upon another that had not been cast down. Josephus even said it looked as though it had never been inhabited. It took a time, times and a half (31/2 years) but that ended the trampling by the Gentiles. It was later rebuilt with a different name. The time of the Gentiles expired over two thousand years ago.” jde.
He does not divide sheep from goats. He SEPARATES the Judeans AS a man separates sheep from goats. And do not think that he made any mistakes of the difference between a sheep or goat!
Yahweh judging the nations was a standard part of Judean expectation for the future. Yahweh would distinguish among the sheep. Although sheep and goats grazed together, it is said that Palestinian shepherds normally separated sheep and goats at night because goats need to be warm at night while sheep prefer open air. Sheep were more valuable than goats, and characteristics like this may have influenced how these terms would be heard figuratively; for instance, in a pagan dream handbook, sheep were associated with good while goats were associated with trouble.
At the coming of Jesus in 74 A.D., the ungodly world will be burned up (2 Peter 3:10,12; Revelation 20:11). The dead in Christ that is, all true Christians – will be raised up from their graves (1 Thessalonians 4:16). The living will be changed – i.e., will be made like the glorified spiritual bodies of those that were raised from the dead. So says Barnes’ Commentary, although he probably does not understand what he said.